How to prevent a termite invasion to your wooden house?
Termites are insects who live below ground in colonies, and like to eat dead plants, trees, and wood. To a wooden homeowner, an infestation of termites could be devastating, causing thousands of dollars in property damage. There are two main types of termite. The subterranean termite usually lives underground in soil, while the drywood termite finds its home in wood and furniture. Both of these termites can destroy your wooden home, but if you take the correct measures you can prevent them from coming to your wooden house in the future.
Tips for preventing Future Infestations
Get termite inspections done annually by a professional. A professional exterminator will typically have the knowledge to spot a termite infestation before it’s too late. The earlier you catch termites, the easier it is to deal with them.
If you live in a densely wooded area, you may be more prone to termites.
Make sure the service is part of the National Pest Control Association or your local or state pest control association.
Ensure that the company offers a guarantee with their service.
Remove cellulose based debris from around your wooden house. If you have any sort of organic material made of wood around your wooden house, make sure you’re disposing of it. The longer it’s allowed to stay out and gain moisture, the more likely it will attract termites to your location.
You can make compost out of your landscaping trimmings. Breaking it down will prevent termites from infesting the wood.
Another alternative is to contact your local municipality and ask about wood recycling in your area.
Eliminate wood to ground contact in your wooden house. Termites can enter your wooden house easily if there is wood making contact with the ground. Some examples of this include a wood lattice, wood siding, and door or window frames that make contact with the ground. Anything made of wood should be at least 150 mm above ground level, to prevent termites from getting into your wooden house.
You may have to put a concrete base on some wooded items on your wooden house.
Cutting off the base of wood lattice work that touches the ground will help you keep termites out of your wooden house.
Have your wooden house pre-treated for termites. If you're building a new wooden home make sure to consider getting your wooden house pre-treated for termite prevention. It’s much easier to set a termite barrier with termiticide before you begin construction, by creating the barrier on the land where the wooden house will be.
You can also use pesticides to prevent termite invasion. Pesticides that target termites are called "termiticides." They are applied to the soil or directly to wood to control a termite colony.
With the development of integrated pest management practices, the application of termite control chemicals (baits or termite pesticides called termiticides) is now more targeted, more effective and at a lower volume.
Together, academic experts, researchers and the pest management industry have made great strides in understanding the biology and behavior of termites and using this knowledge to develop the control methods and products used today. Through integrated pest management, professionals learn to use a variety of targeted control methods, which helps minimize the amount of chemicals required for effective prevention and treatment.
As technology and research progress, new termiticides have been developed. These chemicals are less broad-based and more directly target termites' unique biology and behavior. Since these termiticides are effective at lower volumes and concentrations than previous versions, they have less of an impact on the environment than their predecessors.
One key example of evolving termiticide technology is the development of non-repellent termiticide. Through a transfer effect, a non-repellent termiticide controls both the termites that come into direct contact with it and nestmates who indirectly come into contact with it through feeding and grooming. Previously, a repellent termiticide controlled only the termites that directly touched it.
Effective termite control can require the use of pesticides in combination with non-chemical method. Your pest control professional can recommend the most targeted treatment approach that uses the least amount of materials necessary to help provide effective control. Before treatment, make sure to ask your pest control expert how these materials can impact your family, pets and the environment.
A liquid termite treatment can be applied to the soil to target subterranean termites, or directly to infested wood to target small infestations of subterranean or drywood termites. Liquid or foam termite treatments also can be applied to the foundation of homes to help prevent termites from entering any cracks in the foundation.
A fumigant termite treatment is a termiticide in gas form, and it is used to target large, difficult to locate or inaccessible infestations of drywood termites. Fumigation is typically a last resort treatment after more targeted approaches have proven ineffective or the infestation has grown too large for targeted treatment.
Some termiticides come in powder form. Small amounts of dust can be injected into wood that houses termites to control the colony effectively.
Remove termite access by filling cracks in your wooden house. After locating where you think the termites may be coming from, make sure to fill the holes and treat the surrounding area with termiticide to prevent further termite infestations.
Laying down termite poison around entry points will kill them before they can begin boring new tunnels.
One of the ways to prevent your wooden house from termites is to use thermally-modified wood for building.
Wood is a biodegradable and dimensionally unstable material. These are fundamental properties of wood and they can cause a lot of problems for wood products in service. Although there has long been interest in trying to change the nature of wood, it is only recently that thermal modification has become a commercial treatment process.
Wood that is exposed outdoors must be protected against attack by insects and fungi (rot). Wood that is subject to wetting and drying – even due to changing humidity indoors – will shrink and swell, potentially causing problems. Many techniques can be used to manage these risks: to protect against rot, naturally durable wood species (e.g. cedar or white oak) can be selected or preservative chemicals can be added to susceptible species such as pine. Coatings (paints, deck finishes, etc.) can be applied to wood to slow the wetting and drying cycles that can lead to swelling and shrinking, warp and checking. These practices can work but in essence they are trying to work against the natural properties of the wood.
Wood modification involves chemical or other treatments to fundamentally change the properties of wood. Thermal modification is one modification method, and involves heating the wood to high temperatures (400 degrees or more). Oxygen is excluded to prevent the wood from burning, and the heating causes the wood to become much less hydrophilic (water-loving). Because the presence of water in wood enables rot and is responsible for shrinkage and swelling, thermally-modified wood is less susceptible to decay fungi (rot) and is much more dimensionally stable.
Any wood species can be thermally modified. The process turns the wood brown, which can make some otherwise non-descript woods quite attractive. On the downside, the treated wood can have a lingering "burnt wood" odor. The strength and stiffness values of thermally-modified wood are lower than the original wood but are sufficient for many uses.
Thermally-modified wood is a special material with many of the advantages of wood (beauty and versatility) but with some additional advantages (dimensional stability and rot-resistance) over normal wood.
That’s why "ArchiLine" Ltd. uses only proved and reliable materials for building and finishing.
Our team of architects and managers will help you to find a correct and personal way to build your wooden house aware of termite infestations.
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